Reply. You'd have a job and provide others with work too. Far from being 'forcible taking', socialism abolishes the forcible taking of the workers' surplus value (the difference between what the worker is paid and what the product of their labor is actually worth on the market) by the employer who owns the tools that the worker needs to work. מוּטָב לוֹ לְהִשְׁתַּמֵּשׁ בְּאֵלּוּ וְיֵהָנוּ בְּנֵי אַבְרָהָם יִצְחָק וְיַעֲקֹב מִנְּכָסָיו וְלֹא יֵהָנוּ בָּהֶם זֶרַע חָם. וְעָלָיו וְעַל כָּל כַּיּוֹצֵא בָּזֶה נֶאֱמַר (ירמיה יז ז) "בָּרוּךְ הַגֶּבֶר אֲשֶׁר יִבְטַח בַּה'": סְלִיקוּ לְהוּ הִלְכוֹת מַתְּנוֹת עֲנִיִּים בְּסִיַעְתָּא דִּשְׁמַיָּא. Thus it says in Scripture, (Psalms 51:19) God, You will not despise a contrite and crushed heart. And Israel will only be redeemed through tzedakah, as it is said, (Isaiah 1:27) Zion shall be saved in the judgment; her repentant ones, in the retribution [tzedakah].176See Babylonian Talmud Shabbat 139a. וְלֹא יִתֵּן אָדָם לְתוֹךְ קֻפָּה שֶׁל צְדָקָה אֶלָּא אִם כֵּן יוֹדֵעַ שֶׁהַמְמֻנֶּה נֶאֱמָן וְחָכָם וְיוֹדֵעַ לְהַנְהִיג כַּשּׁוּרָה כְּרַבִּי חֲנַנְיָה בֶּן תְּרַדְיוֹן: One level lower than this is one who gives tzedakah to the poor and does not know to whom he gives, and the poor person does not know from whom he receives.187Maimonides holds the anonymity of both giver and receiver of great importance, but he does not require anonymity at the highest level of giving. 5. There is a rabbinic obligation to recite a blessing before performing most of the mitzvos (commandments) of the Torah, such as before putting on a Tallis or Tefillin , … Read Halakhah, Mishneh Torah texts online with commentaries and connections. שֶׁהֲרֵי זוֹ מִצְוָה לִשְׁמָהּ. וְאֵין כִּסֵּא יִשְׂרָאֵל מִתְכּוֹנֵן וְדַת הָאֱמֶת עוֹמֶדֶת אֶלָּא בִּצְדָקָה שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה נד יד) "בִּצְדָקָה תִּכּוֹנָנִי". צִוּוּ חֲכָמִים שֶׁיִּהְיוּ בְּנֵי בֵּיתוֹ שֶׁל אָדָם עֲנִיִּים וִיתוֹמִים בִּמְקוֹם הָעֲבָדִים. (Mishneh Torah, Laws of Kings 11:4) Just as it is the responsibility of a Jew today to see that the world is civilized and G-d-fearing, so too will Moshiach bring the perfection, that all … The throne of Israel is established and the religion of truth stands only on tzedakah, as it is said, (Isaiah 54:14) You shall be established through righteousness [tzedek]. If they are not dangerous, I always try to go down to the ground on my haunches, speak to them with a lot of respect, and engage them in meaningful conversation, like asking what happened that they are having a tough time? Of collectors of tzedakah and similar people it is written, (Daniel 12:3) Those who lead the many to righteousness [matzdiké harabim] will be like the stars [forever and ever]. Maimonides Laws of Kings By Rabbi Eliyahu Touger When the army's troops enter the territory of gentiles,conquering them and taking them captive, they are permitted to eat meat from animals that died without being ritually slaughtered or which weretrefe, and the flesh of pigs and similar animals, if they מוּטָב לִפְשֹׁט עוֹר בְּהֵמוֹת נְבֵלוֹת וְלֹא יֹאמַר לָעָם חָכָם גָּדוֹל אֲנִי כֹּהֵן אֲנִי פַּרְנְסוּנִי. Moshe ben Maimon was born in 1138 or late 1137. Tzedakah refers to the religious obligation to do what is right and just, which Judaism emphasizes as an important part of living a spiritual life. Socialism does not involve giving, grudgingly or otherwise, but forcible taking. גְּדוֹלֵי הַחֲכָמִים הָיוּ נוֹתְנִין פְּרוּטָה לְעָנִי קֹדֶם כָּל תְּפִלָּה וְאַחַר כָּךְ מִתְפַּלְּלִין שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (תהילים יז טו) "אֲנִי בְּצֶדֶק אֶחֱזֶה פָנֶיךָ": The greatest among the sages used to give a perutah to the poor before every prayer service and only afterwards would they pray, as it is said, (Psalms 17:15) Then I, justified [betzedek], will behold Your face.192See Babylonian Talmud Bava Batra 10a. Reply, Socialism? There are eight levels of charity, each greater than the next. What level is this ? וְעַל זֶה נֶאֱמַר (ויקרא כה לה) "וְהֶחֱזַקְתָּ בּוֹ גֵּר וְתוֹשָׁב וָחַי עִמָּךְ" כְּלוֹמַר הַחֲזֵק בּוֹ עַד שֶׁלֹּא יִפּל וְיִצְטָרֵךְ: There are eight levels of tzedakah, each one greater than the other. Tzedakah (charity) One of the most widely referred to sections of the Mishneh Torah is the section dealing with tzedakah. Reply, Yes, Socialism.  Ibid. Maimonides’ Eight Levels of Charity. But anyone who needs to take and endures hardship, presses himself, and lives a life of hardship so as not to burden the community will not reach death in old age without being able to sustain others from his wealth. .is that good? Tzedakah is one of the foundations of Judaism. Reply, Levels: for Netta Goldman Is the act of a Jew helping another person find their way into the Jewish faith to begin to or to do better worship G-d considered a duty or charity? 12:10) The compassion of the wicked is cruelty. Like many other areas of Jewish law, there are aspects Why did … Reply, It absolutely is the highest form of charity as the Baal Shem Tov says, "a soul may come to our world to live seventy, eighty years to do a single spirtual or possibly material benefit to another." If you enjoyed this article, we encourage you to distribute it further, provided that you comply with Chabad.org's, Kabbalah, Chassidism and Jewish Mysticism.  Talmud, ibid. עברית English. He who gives enough — but only after he is asked. I agree with Maimonedes 100%. 119 ↑ Mishnah Torah  Mishneh Torah, ibid. A person's dignity is paramount. Structure of the 14 Books I have seen fit to divide this work into fourteen books: Book 1 I include in it all the commandments that are the basic principles of the religion of Moshe [Moses] Our Teacher, which one needs to know at the outset--such as recognizing the unity of the Holy One blessed be He and the prohibition of idolatry. Reply, What if I, as a Jew, support a Christian And it says, (Isaiah 57:15) Reviving the spirits of the lowly, reviving the hearts of the contrite. וּלְמִי עֲנִיֵּי יִשְׂרָאֵל נוֹשְׂאִין עֵינֵיהֶן. Reply, 7th Heaven Rambam in his Mishneh Torah, Laws of Charity, 10:7-14, describes eight levels of tzedakah. Mishneh Torah משנה תורה. Ketubot 67b. 13:18) [May God] show you compassion, and let your compassion increase.177This is a play on the text. In it, David del Rossi claimed that a Tripolitan Jewish merchant had told him the India town of Shingly ( Cranganore ) had a large Jewish population who dabbled in yearly pepper trade with the Portuguese. Mishneh Torah, Laws of Charity, 10:7-14. Yad ha-Chazakah ("The Strong Hand"), its parallel title, derives from its subdivision in fourteen books. on How to Treat Idolaters (c. 1180 CE) 1. The Contexts in Which Maimonides Uses the Term “ Dat ha-emet” At six points 2. in his Mishneh Torah, Log in התחבר Sign up הרשם. Reply, maimonides levels of charity Social justice includes a concept of limitation that discourages personal greed and prevents social monopolies. Rather, let him be like a father to him, in compassion and in words, as it is said, (Job 29:15) I was a father to the needy. If one person teaches another about the right way to live, would not that help remove a dependence on other people? The penalty for intentionally eating a quantity of fat equal to the size of an olive from the three species of clean domesticated animals, ox, sheep or goat ( Leviticus 7:23, cited above ), is extinction ( karet ), which includes a flogging.  At that point, Cordova was under Muslim rule and stood as one of thegreat intellectual centers of the world. . פָּחוֹת מִזֶּה שֶׁיִּתֵּן לוֹ בְּיָדוֹ קֹדֶם שֶׁיִּשְׁאַל: One level lower is to give to him with one's own hand before he can ask.191It can be assumed that from this point on the situation is one of face to face encounter, handing something to another. there is however outreach within Judaism see: Baal teshuva & Kiruv. ]185See Babylonian Talmud Bava Batra 9a. הָא אֵין עֵינֵיהֶן תְּלוּיוֹת אֶלָּא לַאֲחֵיהֶן: Never has anyone become poor by giving to tzedakah, nor has anything bad ever come of it, nor has any harm occurred because of tzedakah, as it is said, (Isaiah 32:17) The work of righteousness [tzedakah] is peace. When transcribed into Hebrew letters, the number fourteen forms the word yad (hand). וְכָל מִי שֶׁהוּא אַכְזָרִי וְאֵינוֹ מְרַחֵם יֵשׁ לָחוּשׁ לְיַחֲסוֹ. כָּל הַמַּעֲלִים עֵינָיו מִן הַצְּדָקָה הֲרֵי זֶה נִקְרָא בְּלִיַּעַל כְּמוֹ שֶׁנִּקְרָא עוֹבֵד עַכּוּ''ם בְּלִיַּעַל. The Rambam elsewhere in the Mishneh Torah (Laws of Blessings 11:2) makes the following distinction. He who does not give enough — and even that unwillingly. I stepped away from corporate life to start my own business. וְאוֹי לְמִי שֶׁהִכְלִים אֶת הֶעָנִי אוֹי לוֹ. Later, Rabbi Joseph Karo (1488 — 1575), relying on the works of Maimonides and other scholars, wrote the Shulchan Aruch , the authoritative code of law … 15:9) Beware lest you harbor a base [belial] thought.180See Babylonian Talmud Ketubot 68a. Better to stretch leather from carrion than to say, "I am a great sage," [or] "I am a priest: Feed me." We have areas of drought with more than 300 days of sunlight a year. What if I, as a Jew, support a Christian by endowing him with a gift or loan, or entering into a partnership with him, or finding employment for him, in order to strengthen his hand until he need no longer be dependent upon others . Many Israeli citizens have moved to our area. וְעַל גַּבָּאֵי צְדָקָה וְכַיּוֹצֵא בָּהֶם אוֹמֵר (דניאל יב ג) "וּמַצְדִּיקֵי הָרַבִּים כַּכּוֹכָבִים": One who coerces others to give tzedakah is considered to have performed even a greater deed then the person who actually gives, as it is said, (Isaiah 32:17) For the work of the righteousness [tzedakah] shall be peace, [and the effect of righteousness [tzedakah], calm and confidence forever. Mishneh Torah ("Repetition of the Torah") is an appellation originally used for the Biblical book of Deuteronomy. For this is performing a mitzvah solely for the sake of Heaven. שָׁאַל הֶעָנִי מִמְּךָ וְאֵין בְּיָדְךָ כְּלוּם לִתֵּן לוֹ פַּיְּסֵהוּ בִּדְבָרִים. The greatest sages used to walk about in secret and put coins in the doors of the poor. Such was the way of the sages who would tie coins to their garments and would throw the bundle over their shoulder so the poor could come up [behind them] and take [them] without being embarrassed.190See Babylonian Talmud Ketubot 67b. Reply, Levels: for Netta Goldman Reply, Levels: from Israel וְהַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא קָרוֹב לְשַׁוְעַת עֲנִיִּים שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר שַׁוְעַת עֲנִיִּים אַתָּה תִשְׁמַע. – Mishneh Torah, Laws of Charity, 10:7–14. The first half of the verse refers to the one who gives. In addition to Maimonides, itwas the birthplace of Averroes. "196See Babylonian Talmud Pesachim 112a. Reared in a prosperous, educated family, the young Maimonides studied traditional Jewish texts like Mishnah, Talmud and Midrash under the tutelage of his father, Maimon. We may neither add to them nor detract from them.11 4. And such a person is called, "wicked," as it is said, (Prov. וַהֲרֵי הוּא בִּכְלַל (ירמיה יז ה) "אָרוּר הַגֶּבֶר אֲשֶׁר יִבְטַח בָּאָדָם". I wasn’t looking for charity in 1979, but that’s what my friend offered. To the idolatrous nations that hate them and pursue them? מִפְּנֵי שֶׁלִּבּוֹ נִשְׁבָּר וְנִדְכֶּא וַהֲרֵי הוּא אוֹמֵר (תהילים נא יט) "לֵב נִשְׁבָּר וְנִדְכֶּה אֱלֹהִים לֹא תִבְזֶה". One level lower is to give to him begrudgingly. Accepting such a definition would be like going to an antisemite for an explanation of Judaism. Guidelines for Giving The Torah and Talmud provide Jews with guidelines on the how, what and when of giving to the poor. Great sages were splitters of wood, raisers of beams, drawers of water for gardens, ironworkers, and blacksmiths rather than ask [for their living] from the community or accept anything when they gave to them. And really, any of us can have the bottom fall out and end up on the street like them. 25:35) [If your kinsman, being in straits, comes under your authority,] and you hold him as though a resident alien, let him live by your side. That is as if to say, "Hold him up," so that he will not fall and be in need.186See Babylonian Talmud Shabbat 63a. שֶׁכָּל הַמַּרְבֶּה עֲבָדִים בְּכָל יוֹם וָיוֹם מוֹסִיף חֵטְא וְעָוֹן בָּעוֹלָם. )My limited experience in giving to people begging in Toronto is that it is a) impossible to give adequately, as this would require an in depth financial analysis; b) "...but gives gladly, with a smile..." Is close, but not nearly enough. פָּחוֹת מִזֶּה שֶׁיֵּדַע הֶעָנִי מִמִּי נָטַל וְלֹא יֵדַע הַנּוֹתֵן. All the families on earth will be blessed through you.”Today Rabah! 50:42) They are cruel, they show no mercy.178See Babylonian Talmud Shabbat 151b. It is simply arguing in bad faith. Of this it is said, (Lev. כָּל מִי שֶׁאֵינוֹ צָרִיךְ לִטּל וּמְרַמֶּה אֶת הָעָם וְנוֹטֵל אֵינוֹ מֵת מִן הַזִּקְנָה עַד שֶׁיִּצְטָרֵךְ לַבְּרִיּוֹת.  There does exist one condition for the fulfillment of the mitzvah—their Why is that ? The only 'ism' we accept as binding, and the only 'ism' that defines Jews, is 'Judaism', not socialism or capitalism etc etc. 17:5) Cursed is he who trusts in man [and does not heed divine providence]. There are eight levels of charity, each greater than the next.  A lesser level of charity than this is to give to the poor without knowing to whom one gives, and without the recipient knowing from who he received. By Menachem Posner. אֶלָּא נוֹתֵן לוֹ בְּסֵבֶר פָּנִים יָפוֹת וּבְשִׂמְחָה וּמִתְאוֹנֵן עִמּוֹ עַל צָרָתוֹ שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (איוב ל כה) "אִם לֹא בָכִיתִי לִקְשֵׁה יוֹם עָגְמָה נַפְשִׁי לָאֶבְיוֹן".  The greatest level, above which there is no greater, is to support a fellow Jew by endowing him with a gift or loan, or entering into a partnership with him, or finding employment for him, in order to strengthen his hand so that he will not need to be dependent upon others . Reply, Socialism? The greatest level, above which there is no greater, is to support a … וּבְעַכּוּ''ם הוּא אוֹמֵר (דברים יג יד) "יָצְאוּ אֲנָשִׁים בְּנֵי בְלִיַּעַל" וּבְמַעֲלִים עֵינָיו מִן הַצְּדָקָה הוּא אוֹמֵר (דברים טו ט) "הִשָּׁמֶר לְךָ פֶּן יִהְיֶה דָבָר עִם לְבָבְךָ בְלִיַּעַל". Code of Jewish Law, Yoreh Deah 249. Eight levels of giving were identified by the medieval Jewish philosopher and Torah scholar Maimonides (Moses ben-Maimon; 1135–1204 CE): 8. פָּחוֹת מִזֶּה שֶׁיֵּדַע הַנּוֹתֵן לְמִי יִתֵּן וְלֹא יֵדַע הֶעָנִי מִמִּי לָקַח. Read Halakhah, Mishneh Torah texts online with commentaries and connections. But if the poor are made members of one's household, each and every hour one adds merit and mitzvot.195See Pirké Avot 1:5, 2:7. Reply, I.e. י ש ב כ ל ל ן א ח ת ו ח מ ש ים מ צ וו ת- … Isaiah 56:1. Meorot 7:1 Tishrei 5769 Rapoport 2 “Dat ha-emet” in Maimonides’ Mishneh Torah1 Chaim Rapoport I. לְפִיכָךְ צָרִיךְ לְהִזָּהֵר בְּצַעֲקָתָם שֶׁהֲרֵי בְּרִית כְּרוּתָה לָהֶם שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (שמות כב כו) "וְהָיָה כִּי יִצְעַק אֵלַי וְשָׁמַעְתִּי כִּי חַנּוּן אָנִי": Anyone who averts his eyes from [the need of] tzedakah is called Belial ["Wickedness"], just as the idolaters worship Belial, and of the idolaters Scripture says, (Deut. וְאֵין יִשְׂרָאֵל נִגְאָלִין אֶלָּא בִּצְדָקָה שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה א כז) "צִיּוֹן בְּמִשְׁפָּט תִּפָּדֶה וְשָׁבֶיהָ בִּצְדָקָה": We must be especially careful to observe the mitzvah of tzedakah, more so than any other positive mitzvah, for tzedakah is a sign of the righteous [tzadik] lineage of Abraham, our father, as it is said, (Genesis 18:19) For I have singled him out, that he may instruct his children and his posterity [to keep the way of the LORD] by doing what is just [tzedakah].175See Babylonian Talmud Yevamot 79a. We tried to help and bought things that we did not need. כְּגוֹן לִשְׁכַּת חֲשָׁאִים שֶׁהָיְתָה בַּמִּקְדָּשׁ. וְקָרוֹב לָזֶה הַנּוֹתֵן לְתוֹךְ קֻפָּה שֶׁל צְדָקָה. גְּדוֹלֵי הַחֲכָמִים הָיוּ מֵהֶם חוֹטְבֵי עֵצִים וְנוֹשְׂאֵי הַקּוֹרוֹת וְשׁוֹאֲבֵי מַיִם לַגִּנּוֹת וְעוֹשֵׂי הַבַּרְזֶל וְהַפֶּחָמִים וְלֹא שָׁאֲלוּ מִן הַצִּבּוּר וְלֹא קִבְּלוּ מֵהֶם כְּשֶׁנָּתְנוּ לָהֶם: One should always strain oneself and endure hardship and not come to depend on others rather than cast oneself onto the community. ↑ See Laws of Kings and their Wars 10:9 where is explains that a non-Jew who studies Torah is worthy of death at the hand of Heaven, under certain conditions.  A lesser level than this is when one gives to the poor person directly into his hand, but gives before being asked. הַכּוֹפֶה אֲחֵרִים לִתֵּן צְדָקָה וּמְעַשֶּׂה אוֹתָן שְׂכָרוֹ גָּדוֹל מִשְּׂכַר הַנּוֹתֵן שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה לב יז) "וְהָיָה מַעֲשֵׂה הַצְּדָקָה שָׁלוֹם". The Giving of Charity in Jewish Law 243 basic social welfare—food, shelter, and secular education—for all of its citizens. Even if one is wise and revered and becomes poor, he should engage in some kind of craft, even a menial one, rather than come to depend on others. It is forbidden to speak harshly to a poor person or to raise your voice in a shout, for his heart is broken and crushed. This translation of Maimonides’ Mishneh Torah, Laws of Gifts to the Poor 10:7-14, by Dr. Meir Tamari, is annotated as well, adding background information and interpretation.1. וְכֵן הַנּוֹתֵן מְזוֹנוֹת לְאָבִיו וּלְאִמּוֹ הֲרֵי זֶה בִּכְלַל הַצְּדָקָה. וְכָזֶה רָאוּי לַעֲשׂוֹת וּמַעֲלָה טוֹבָה הִיא אִם אֵין הַמְמֻנִּין בִּצְדָקָה נוֹהֲגִין כַּשּׁוּרָה: One level lower is one who gives tzedakah and the giver knows to whom he gives but the poor person does not know from whom he takes. Such a person is called, "a sinner," as it is said, (Deut. 17:7) Blessed is he who trusts in the LORD.Thus ends, with the help of God, the laws on gifts for the poor. Interested in producing electricity for export? Through the merit of giving charity to the Jewish poor, one is given life by God and saved from death. The Holy One, Blessed Be He, is close to the cries of the poor, as it is said, (Job 34:28) He listens to the cry of the needy.182Maimonides does not quote this exactly. Mishneh Torah, Laws of Charity, 10:7–14. Reply, Giving Unwillingly And if a brother does not show compassion for another brother, then who will have compassion for him? This is t he feedback principle that rebalances participative justice and distributive justice when the system violates either essential principle. An understanding of socialism as 'forcible taking' is incorrect and is actually informed only by those who seek to do nothing but smear its name. He who does not give enough — but what he gives, he gives graciously.  See Shulchan Aruch HaRav, Orach Chaim 263:10, and sources cited there. Laws concerning business ethics are delineated in the major codes of Jewish law (e.g. I had started my own business so my family could enjoy the good life. They can only look to rely upon their brothers. Reply, Yes but interestingly - the lowest level of charity is also the one where you give unwillingly. וְאוֹמֵר (ישעיה נז טו) "לְהַחֲיוֹת רוּחַ שְׁפָלִים וּלְהַחֲיוֹת לֵב נִדְכָּאִים". Maimonides wrote Mishneh Torah, in which he arranged and codified the laws without the Talmudic debate and homiletics. He would not condone moving to the States. The second part of the verse refers to one who coerces others and whose reward is more lasting. Later, Rabbi Joseph Karo (1488 -- 1575), relying on the works of Maimonides and other scholars, wrote the Shulchan Aruch , the authoritative code of law for observant Jewry. Could one interpret level 8 as socialism? Did I not grieve for the needy? The 14 books and contained chapters and Halachos of the Rambam's Mishneh Torah don't seem to have any particular order based on the Mitzvos, Mishnah or Gemara. Jewish identity is defined by G-d, the Creator, Blessed Be He for All Eternity, not worldly labels of distinction.  Thus the sages commanded, "Make your Sabbaths into weekdays rather than come to depend on others. Mishneh Torah, Kings and Wars 10:9-10 משנה תורה, הלכות מלכים ומלחמות י׳:ט׳-י׳ Loading... טוען מידע... Chapter 10 י׳ 1 א ב ן נ ח ש ש ג ג ב א ח ת מ מ צ ו ת יו פ טו ר מ כ לו ם. During the second intifada, a group of us Americans went to Israel and found that most of the shops were devoid of customers. The greatest sages used to tie coins into their robes and throw them behind their backs, and the poor would come up and pick the coins out of their robes, so that they would not be ashamed. Reply, Jewish Democrats כָּל הַמְרַחֵם מְרַחֲמִין עָלָיו שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברים יג יח) "וְנָתַן לְךָ רַחֲמִים וְרִחַמְךָ וְהִרְבֶּךָ". Reply, no Jews do not proselytize. Mishneh Torah, Gifts to the Poor 10:7-14 משנה תורה, הלכות מתנות עניים י׳:ז׳-י״ד Loading... טוען מידע... Chapter 10 י׳ 1 א ח י ב ין א נו ל ה ז ה ר ב מ צ ו ת צ ד ק ה יו ת ר מ כ ל מ צ ו ת ע ש ה. That's Rambam's top level, and it's Herzl's too. וְאִם יִהְיוּ עֲנִיִּים בְּנֵי בֵּיתוֹ בְּכָל שָׁעָה וְשָׁעָה מוֹסִיף זְכֻיּוֹת וּמִצְוֹת: The sages commanded that the poor and orphans should be members of one's household instead of servants.  A lesser level than this is when one gives unwillingly. This is like the “anonymous fund” that was in the Holy Temple [in Jerusalem]. It is worthy and truly good to do this, if those who are responsible for distributing charity are not trustworthy. וְכֵן צִוּוּ חֲכָמִים וְאָמְרוּ עֲשֵׂה שַׁבַּתְּךָ חֹל וְאַל תִּצְטָרֵךְ לַבְּרִיּוֹת. Thus he writes ( 3:10): Unlike voluntary philanthropy, tzedakah is seen as a religious obligation that must be performed regardless of one's financial standing, and so is mandatory even for those of limited financial means. ... 32 Mishneh Torah, Laws of Kings, chapter 10, law 7, 8. Rabbi Menachem Posner serves as staff editor at Chabad.org, the world’s largest Jewish informational website. Site Language שפת האתר. But anyone, as the Rambam pointed out, would prefer to make an honest living rather than getting charity. וְכָל הַמַּאֲכִיל וּמַשְׁקֶה עֲנִיִּים וִיתוֹמִים עַל שֻׁלְחָנוֹ הֲרֵי זֶה קוֹרֵא אֶל ה' וְיַעֲנֵהוּ וּמִתְעַנֵּג שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה נח ט) "אָז תִּקְרָא וַה' יַעֲנֶה": One should give sustenance to one's sons and daughters who have come of age and to whom one is no longer required to give such support so that they may study the testimonies of Torah and to guide one's daughters on an upright path and not become shameful.193See Babylonian Talmud Ketubot 50a. He grew up in Córdoba, in what is now southern Spain. Reply, Re: Socailism.No not interpreted.But pure and successful socialism, like the kibbutz of 50 years ago, would be one of the possible expressions of socialism. וַאֲפִלּוּ הָיָה חָכָם וּמְכֻבָּד וְהֶעֱנִי יַעֲסֹק בְּאֻמְּנוּת וַאֲפִלּוּ בְּאֻמְּנוּת מְנֻוֶּלֶת וְלֹא יִצְטָרֵךְ לַבְּרִיּוֹת. Here, the compassion itself increases. פָּחוֹת מִזֶּה שֶׁיִּתֵּן לוֹ פָּחוֹת מִן הָרָאוּי בְּסֵבֶר פָּנִים יָפוֹת: One level lower is to give him less than one should but with kindness. And woe to anyone who shames a poor person! Soon I was accepting charity. The Giving of Charity in Jewish Law 243basic social welfare—food, shelter, and secular education—for all of its citizens. 13:14) That some scoundrels [children of Belial] from among you have gone [and subverted the inhabitants of their town] by averting their eyes from [the need of] tzedakah. I think all these are in the Talmud. שְׁמוֹנֶה מַעֲלוֹת יֵשׁ בַּצְּדָקָה זוֹ לְמַעְלָה מִזּוֹ. “Maimonides” is the Greek translation of “Moses, son of Maimon,” whereas the acronym RamBaM (רמבּ״ם) is its Hebrew equivalent.
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